by Stephen D. Gaimari
National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution
The Informal Conference of the North American Dipterists' Society
was held at the Las Vegas Hilton on the Monday evening of the Annual
Meeting of the Entomological Society of America. There were three
very interesting talks dealing with dipteran taxonomy and ecology.
Scott Fitzgerald, a doctoral student of Darlene Judd at Oregon State
University, reviewed the distributional patterns of New World Bibionidae.
Scott is the organizer for next year's meeting. Martin Hauser, a
doctoral student of Mike Irwin at the University of Illinois, discussed
the interesting, very rare, Palearctic genus Exochostoma
(Stratiomyidae), which was recently rediscovered. Dr. Joe Keiper,
a postdoc at the University of California at Riverside, and a former
graduate student of Ben Foote at Kent State University, discussed
the biology of Ephydridae in man-made marsh habitats. Brian Wiegmann
gave a report on the activities at the recent International Congress
of Dipterology in Oxford, and also announced the meeting place for
the NADS field meeting, to be held in North Carolina this May. In
addition, NADS participation in the Great Smoky Mountains ATBI was
discussed, and those attending the NADS field meeting will have
the opportunity to collect in the Great Smokies at the end of the
by John R. Wallace
Department of Biology, Millersville University, PA
Flamingo Lodge, nestled in the heart of Everglades National Park,
Florida was the location for the third annual Southern Extension
and Research Activities - Information Exchange Group meeting on
black fly biology, economic problems and management. This year's
meeting was co-organized by John R. Wallace and Alison H. Hyder.
There were approximately 29 registrants representing three continents
and six countries including Sweden, England, Canada, Columbia, Brazil,
and the United States.
The meeting included three subsections: Population Management and
Water Quality; Ecology and Behavior and; Genetics and Systematics.
The meeting culminated with a business discussion on Monday, February
Population Management and Water Quality (Feb. 14, 10 am. - 12
The first session on population management and water quality included
the following speakers: Dan Arbegast (PA DEP); Elmer Gray (Clemson);
Alison Hyder (SC Army Pest Management); Jay Overmyer (Univ. GA);
Richard W. Merritt (Michigan State University).
Dan Arbegast (PA DEP) discussed black fly suppression programs
in Pennsylvania. Approximately 1700 stream miles in PA are treated
with Bti. The focus of his talk was on small stream (Yellow Breeches)
treatment with cooperation of fly-fishing groups enabling PA Fish
& Game to use Bti in future projects. Elmer Gray (Clemson University)
presented a paper on projected costs of black fly management in
Argentina. Elmer mentioned several factors that may affect cost,
e.g., frequency of larvacide applications, flight range, larval
habitat and whether vector or nuisance pest. Alison Hyder (South
Carolina Army Guard) presented her research on bioindicator studies
with black flies and new toxicology testing methods. Alison examined
24 and 48h LC50 of chlorpyrifos with three species of black flies
and found 1) older larvae may be less susceptible and sensitive
to chlorpyrifos than younger larvae and; 2) none of the species
examined were more susceptible than any other in her trials. Jay
Overmyer (University of Georgia) presented a preliminary information
using black flies as biomonitors of environmental contamination.
Rich Merritt (Michigan State University) concluded the first session
with a presentation on the Black Fly International Workshop held
recently in Sweden and the current status of black fly control programs
in Michigan. The workshop in Sweden focused on the generation of
funding opportunities and possible collaborations for future black
fly research. Michigan black fly programs e.g., Copper Harbor and
Betsie River are still active.
Ecology and Behavior (Feb. 14, 1:30 pm. - 4:30 pm)
The afternoon session on Sunday, February 14 included talks by:
Roger Wotton ( University, London, UK), Christie-Lee Hazard (Brock
University), Fiona Hunter (Brock University), Bjorn Malmquist (Sweden),
John McCreadie (Clemson University), Will Reeves (Clemson University),
and Claudia Velasques (Brazil).
Roger S. Wotton (University College London, UK) presented a paper
on the processing of organic matter by black fly larvae. The fate
of organic material from labral fans to faecal pellets was discussed
as well as the importance of faecal pellets in streams and rivers.
Christie-Lee Hazard (Brock University) examined four diets for engorged
female flies and discussed the effects of sugar meals on the development
and transmission of Leucocytozoan sp. Fiona F. Hunter (Brock
University) presented research on black fly saliva, blood-feeding
and sugar-feeding. Salivary gland protein differences among species
and their recycling were discussed. In addition, Fiona discussed
on-going plans to hold an International Black Fly meeting at Brock
University, June 17-21, 2000 (tentatively). Any thoughts or comments
regarding this meeting should be directed to Fiona Hunter (email@example.com.BrockU.CA).
Bjorn Malmquist (Sweden) presented a talk on the importance of black
flies in North Sweden ecosystems. He discussed the importance of
engineering of faecal pellets and increases in carbon output and
included studies on lake outlet streams, large free-flowing rivers
and chalk streams. John McCreadie (Clemson University) presented
a talk (co-authored with Maria Grillet and Neusa Hamada) on the
effects of El Niño on black fly communities. Using Monte
Carlo simulations, John discussed the species richness of black
flies during wet and dry seasons in Venezuela. Will Reeves (Clemson
University) discussed new records of black flies in unique cave
habitats. Two species of simuliids were found in his cave systems,
Simulium parnassum and Prosimulium saltus. Claudia
Velasques (Brazil) presented a talk on the microhabitat of S.
goeldi and Simulium "6B1" in Central Amazonia,
Brazil. Claudia discussed differences in head capsule width among
black fly larvae inhabiting five streams differing in substrate
type. To conclude this session, Doug Craig (University of Alberta)
waxed hydrologic commenting on one of Bjorn's recent papers regarding
"why a river ends up the way it is?" If there are any
questions, ask Doug to elaborate.
Genetics and Systematics (February 15, 9:00 am. - 11:30 pm)
The final session of the meeting included talks by: Peter Adler
(Clemson University), Doug Craig (University of Alberta), Doug Currie
(Royal Ontario Museum), Alison Stuart (University of Toronto), Neusa
Hamada (Brazil) and Guest Presentation by Kenneth W. Cummins (South
Florida Water Management District).
Peter Adler (Clemson University) presented a compilation of recent
advances in black fly systematics. Peter provided data from North
America Black Fly fauna on polytene chromosome mapping, species
numbers, new natural enemies of black flies, as well as blood-feeding
strategies. Doug Craig (University of Alberta) presented an update
on Polynesian/Pacific black flies. Several new species were collected
on Doug's most recent visit which have contributed interesting aspects
to the Polynesian clades. Doug Currie (Royal Ontario Museum) co-authored
a presentation with Art Borkent on the discovery of the female of
Parasimulium (Astoneomyia) melanderi with discussion of the
phylogenetic position of Astoneomyia. This species of black
fly was discovered in a cave on Vancouver Island. Doug stated that
Astoneomyia may be more closely related to other black flies,
both Astoneomyia and Parasimulium were monophyletic
but that the former may have a similar habitat as the latter. Alison
Stuart (University of Toronto) presented a paper on the phylogenetic
placement of Ectemnia based on cocoon spinning behavior.
Based on data collected on six spinning stages and the following
behavioral synapomorphies 1) the method of spinning structures and;
2) lack of pull front/back stages, Alison concluded that Ectemnia
is a sister group to the Simulium and Eusimulium clade.
Neusa Hamada (Brazil) co-authored a talk with Peter Adler and Maria
Grillet on news on the chromosomes of black flies in the S. perflavum
Group. Neusa provided new cytological and geographical information
on this group emphasizing the gill pattern similarities as well
as chromosomal arrangement. Ken Cummins (South Florida Water Management
District) was invited as a guest speaker to conclude this year's
meeting. Ken presented a summary of the WHO black fly control program
in West Africa. Ken highlighted the ecological aspects of the S.
damnosum complex relative to Onchocerciasis (river blindness),
control strategies, medical treatment strategies for Onchocerciasis,
and future directions and impacts of humans on these systems.
Business Meeting (February 15, 11:30 am - 12:00 pm)
Fiona Hunter discussed the format of the international black fly
meeting to be held in June, 2000 at Brock University, Ontario. She
stated that the meeting will cover the population management, ecology/behavior,
and genetics/systematics themes with plans to publish the proceedings.
It was suggested that the 2000 SERA-IEG meeting should be rescheduled
for 2001 in lieu of the international meeting to be held at Brock
University. The work group unanimously decided that the 2001 meeting
will be held the first week in February at the Archbold Field Station
in central Florida. Dan Arbegast and Elmer Gray volunteered to co-organize
I would like to acknowledge the hard work and organizational efforts
of my co-organizer, Alison Hyder. In addition, I would like to thank
everyone who traveled distances near and far to participate in the
1999 SERA-IEG meeting.
from Brian Wiegmann and Frank French
NADS: The meetings will be held at Camp Broadstone, Valle
Crucis, NC. Camp Broadstone, located in the Blue Ridge Mountains,
six miles west of Boone. The camp is located near the Blue Ridge
Parkway, Linville Gorge, Grandfather Mtn., and the Pisgah and Cherokee
Further details were given in the last
issue of the Fly Times and/or you can check out the following
website regarding NADS at: http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/users/b/bwiegman/public_html/ncflies99.html
Brian M. Wiegmann
Department of Entomology, Box 7613
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC 27695 USA
BFW: We pass along herewith the announcement Frank French
mailed out to Biting Fly Workshop participants. You may see the
announcement for the BFW 1999 on the following website at: http://www2.gasou.edu/facstaff/hagan/bfw99.html.
Dear BFW Participants: This year we'll have an exceptional gathering.
Brian Wiegmann, N.C. State Univ., meeting chair for the 1999 North
American Dipterists' Society (NADS), has magnanimously agreed for
us to meet with NADS this year. Many of our BFW participants are
also members of NADS.
Brian and NADS have a great show planned. You may submit a title
for a presentation up to 20 minutes. On the morning of the 27th,
you may relocate to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park to participate
in a one day Diptera inventory blitz for GSMNP ATBI. Let's make
the Diptera the most prominent in the All Taxon Biotic Inventory
(ATBI). Tremendous potential for interactions this year, so PLAN
TO ACT NOW!
Arrive at Camp Broadstone, Valle Crucis (Near Boone) N.C., the
afternoon of May 24th. There are LIMITED accommodations for 50 in
bunk-house style lodges at the Camp Broadstone ($53).
Some of us accompanied by our spouses, have reserved rooms at the
Holiday Inn Express in Boone NC (double occupancy, $54/ per night
with breakfast). The number is 828-264-2451; prices are subject
to change The meals at Broadstone are $50 and registration is $20.
For additional info regarding the Biting Fly Workshop portion contact:
Frank E. French
Department of Biology
Georgia Southern University
Statesboro, GA 30460-8042 USA
by Dan V. Hagan
I would like to announce a new Web Site dedicated to the communication
of information on Ceratopogonidae.
The site includes bibliographies, checklists, catalogues, an on-line
version of the Ceratopogonidae Information Exchange (CIE) Newsletter
(with archived copies for the past 6 issues), listing of the name,
mailing address, phone, Fax, and e-mail address for the more than
100 subscribers to the CIE=the Directory of Ceratopogonid Workers,
a Gallery of Ceratopogonid Workers (with photos of some notable
scientists), links to the CV's of notable scientists working on
ceratopogonids, a What's New/ Planned section and 8-10 useful WWW
Links to sites with biological information.
If you have any suggestions regarding how the site might be improved,
please e-mail or contact me at:
Daniel V. Hagan
Dept. of Biology
Georgia Southern University
Statesboro, GA 30460-8042 USA
by Fritz Geller-Grimm
HLMD, Zoologische Abteilung, D-64283 Darmstadt, Germany
I would like to inform your readers about the new web page of the
journal Studia dipterologica. The URL is: http://www.studia-dipt.de
There is a new listing of addresses of the European Dipterists,
the URL is: http://www.geller-grimm.de/address/europe.htm
The URL of the homepage of robber flies is now: http://www.geller-grimm.de/asilidae.htm
by Jim O'Hara
For the past several years I have been developing Internet products
for the ECORC (Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre) study
Identification Systems for Biocontrol Insects, with particular
emphasis on the Tachinidae. From time to time I have announced these
Tachinidae products in The Tachinid Times, but not in Fly
Times. For the sake of North American dipterists who do not
subscribe to The Tachinids Times but may have occasion to
use online Tachinidae resources, I outline here the products available.
I also encourage those of you who know of useful Tachinidae links
to contact me so that these may be posted on my Tachinidae homepage.
Tachinidae homepage: http://res.agr.ca/ecorc/isbi/dipt/tachhom.htm
The Tachinid Times: http://res.agr.ca/brd/tachinid/times/index.html
An informal international newsletter for persons interested in the
Tachinidae. Issued once a year in February.
Tachinid Bibliography 1980 - Present: http://res.agr.ca/ecorc/isbi/biocont/biblio.htm
A non-definitive but extensive bibliography currently comprising
close to 2000 references. It is updated each year shortly after
publication of The Tachinid Times. References can be viewed
in list format or searched using keywords. Plans are in progress
to upload the bibliography in database form using ProCite©
and Reference Web Poster© for interactive searches.
Tachinidae types in the CNC: http://res.agr.ca/brd/tachinid/tacheng.html
Primary types of more than 1000 nominal species of Tachinidae in
the Canadian National Collection of Insects are documented. This
catalogue represents Part 4 of a series on the Diptera types in
the CNC. Entries can be searched by taxon, author, keyword, etc.
Hardcopies are still available from the authors.
Checklist of Tachinidae of America North of Mexico: http://res.agr.ca/ecorc/isbi/cat/cathom.htm
This online checklist by Monty Wood and myself provides an up-to-date
listing of tachinid genera and species and their synonyms for America
north of Mexico. It incorporates all the nomenclatural changes published
since the 1965 Diptera catalogue, most significantly those of Wood
(1987) in Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2 (these changes
summarized in O'Hara & Wood, 1998, Can. Ent. 130: 751- 774).
The checklist does not contain suprageneric categories because we
do not want to publish such information on the Web prior to hardcopy
publication of our Catalogue of Tachinidae of America North of
Mexico, which is currently in progress.
Tachinid Parasitoids of Bertha Armyworm: http://res.agr.ca/ecorc/isbi/bert/tach/title.htm
An identification key is provided to the tachinids of bertha armyworm
along with taxonomic and life history notes on each tachinid species
and habitus images digitally created from pinned specimens. This
web product formed part of a project on the insect parasitoids of
bertha armyworm funded in part by the Manitoba Canola Growers Association
and the Matching Investment Initiative Program of Agriculture and
by Chris Thompson
As most should know by now, NADS now has a publication program.
As announced in a recent mailing to all, NADS has entered into a
co-publishing arrangement with Backhuys Publisher of the Netherlands
to continue the MYIA series. Myia was a journal originally started
by Paul Arnaud and California Academy of Sciences. Two new volumes
have now been published and are available from Backhuys to NADS
members at 30% discount when using our special order form.
The first new volume (9) is the Fruit Fly Expert System and Biosystematic
Information Database by Ammon Friedberg, Allen Norrbom, Ian White
and others. The other volume (10) is the late Curt Sabrosky's catalog
of family-group names in Diptera. Naturally I feel that there are
lots of good stuff in these volumes and believe EVERY dipterists
should want one. And we have tried to keep the costs low to NADS
members. Both these books are over 500 pages but cost $68.60 &
$66.50 after NADS members deduct their 30% discount.
Depending on the success of these volumes, NADS hopes to publish
more MYIA volumes on a regular schedule of at least a volume per
year. At the present NADS can only afford to publish volumes that
are partially subsidized. However, this should not discourage the
submission of any large manuscript of quality as funds can probably
be found. And as noted below, we will also publish World Catalogs
of any Diptera family, regardless of size. Treatments of small families
will be combined to form a full volume of Myia, so there may be
delay in publishing them.
NADS has also taken a bold leap into the 21st Century by producing
one of the first digital scientific journals, the Diptera Data Dissemination
Disk. The first volume include the above two MYIA volumes as Adobe
pdf documents as well as many other things, like the Dipterists'
Directory, a working release of the BioSystematic Database of World
Diptera (see below), a digital key to the mosquito genera of the
world, etc. This journal is available either through Backhuys or
directly from NADS. As a special introductory offer, the first TWO
volumes are available to NADS members for the price of one ($20).
Address orders to F. Christian Thompson, NADS, c/o Dept. of Entomology,
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. 20560
Chris Thompson, Editor, NADS
by Art Borkent
For its size, Costa Rica must have one of the most diverse faunas
of any country in the world. However, the taxonomy of most of the
families of Costa Rican flies is not well developed, especially
among families in which the flies are very small. We estimate that
there are between 20000 and 30000 species of flies in Costa Rica,
but scarcely 900 of these have been recorded in the literature.
For example, a recent survey of the tachinid literature by one of
us (MZ) revealed that fewer than 5% of the expected species of Tachinidae
have been mentioned from Costa Rica, and the same is true for most
other families, of which there are almost 90 so far recorded in
Costa Rica. Mosquitoes (Culicidae) may be an exception, however,
because the group is well known in the Neotropical Region, but even
for mosquitoes it is not possible at the present time to state precisely
how many species are found in Costa Rica.
INBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad) is a private, non-profit
scientific institution in Costa Rica which is supported by both
government and non-governmental organizations. Its goal to interpret
and suggest rational uses of the biodiversity found in their country.
At present is has a substantial staff studying both the fauna and
flora of Costa Rica and has a large contingent of support staff.
Their collection, housed in a climate-controlled environment, is
large. You can check out further information about INBio at: www.inbio.ac.cr
The present 7 year project at INBio is called the Biodiversity
Resources Development Project and is funded by the Global Environment
Facility of the World Bank. There are three working groups involved
in the entomological portion of the project: Diptera, Hymenoptera
and Coleoptera. The organizing committee for the Diptera portion
first met at the Estacion Biologica Monteverde on May 25-28, 1998.
Present were: Carlos Mario Rodriguez, (INBio); Dan Bickel (Australian
Museum, Sidney); Art Borkent, (British Columbia, Canada); Brian
Brown, (Los Angeles County Museum, California); Jeff Cumming, (Canadian
National Collection, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa);
Eric Fisher, (California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento);
Darlene Judd, (Oregon State University, Corvallis); Steve Marshall,
(University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada); Monty Wood, (Canadian National
Collection, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa), and Manuel
Zumbado, (INBio). Several other dipterists that had planned to attend,
but had to decline at the last minute, sent comments, suggestions,
and promised support for the inventory. On May 29, the Diptera and
Hymenoptera TWIGs met together to agree on sampling and curatorial
protocols to maximize the data to be obtained for both TWIGs by
The Diptera unit at INBio is presently composed of two curators
(Manuel Zumbado and Guillermo Chaverri), two technicians (Elvia
Zumbado and Xinia Fernandez) and 8 parataxonomists (Annia Picado,
Braulio Hernandez, You Cardenas, Jose Daniel Gutierrez, Elias Rojas,
Milady Alfaro, Manuel Lobo, Duvalier Briceno).
Several scientists have been to Costa Rica during the past year
to help in the training of the Diptera Unit at INBio. The parataxonomists
can now identify all (or nearly all) families of Diptera found in
their country (including difficult Acalyptrate families). Malaise
traps have recently arrived and fresh material will be collected
and processed in the near future.
There are 17 key groups that will see in depth systematic analysis
during the next few years. Here are the specialists and their groups:
- Al Norrbom, Tephritidae
- Norm Woodley, Stratiomyidae
- Eric Fisher, Aubrey Scarborough, Riley Nelson, Asilidae
- Art Borkent, Ceratopogonidae
- Darlene Judd, Culicidae
- Larry Quate, Psychodidae
- Brian Brown, Phoridae
- Jeff Cumming, Empididae
- Dan Bickel, Dolichopodidae
- John Burger, Tabanidae
- Steve Marshall, Sphaeroceridae
- Thomas Pape, Sarcophagidae and Rhinophoridae
- Chris Thompson, Manuel Zumbado, Syrphidae
- Monty Wood, Manuel Zumbado, Tachinidae
- Monty Wood, Oestridae
- John Vargas, Calliphoridae
The group was unanimous in proposing that a Manual of the Diptera
of Central America, modelled after the Manual of Nearctic Diptera
and the Hymenoptera of Costa Rica, would go farther than any other
contribution we could make towards enabling Costa Ricans not only
to realize and appreciate the biodiversity of flies in their country,
but also to recognize and identify the common species as well. The
manual would also be useful for workers in other Central American
countries, and for dipterists in other parts of the world interested
in Neotropical flies.
This Manual will treat ALL the families of Diptera known to occur
in Costa Rica, at different levels of complexity depending on present
knowledge. It will include a chapter for each family, comprising
what is now known and what will be discovered during the course
of the inventory. Other chapters likely to be included are: Introduction,
Morphology, Natural History, Economic and Medical Importance, and
A Pictorial Key to the Families of Diptera.
The Editorial Committee will be headed by Brian Brown who will
act as chief editor. It is the hope of organizing committee that
further systematists will become involved with the project, both
in terms of specialized systematic analysis and in contributing
to the Manual of Central American Diptera.
from Neal Evenhuis
The following information was sent out to everyone on taxacon,
entomo-l, and a couple of other email lists. All letters of support
are welcome and responses should be sent by email to Dr. Allen Allison
who will forward them to the appropriate legislators. Thanks for
To all: As you may have heard, the Bishop Museum Friday 26 February
laid off approximately 20 staff and reduced time for another 12
people. Six of these staff were employed in natural sciences.
The Bishop Museum is a privately funded institution that derives
the great majority of its operating funds through admission fees,
contributions, trusts, bequests, grants and contracts.
Because of a stagnant Hawaiian economy, lower-than expected returns
on investments, delays in expecting large grants and contracts,
and a significant reduction in state subsidy, the Museum has had
to implement a cost-reduction plan involving the elimination or
reduction of some of our activities.
For the next four months (until the new fiscal year), no collections
transactions (accessions, deaccessions, and loans) will be carried
out and no access will be provided to collections by researchers
and scholars unless specifically funded or obligated through existing
grants or contracts. Basic maintenance (care and preservation) of
all collections will continue.
For those of you that have already made plans to come and use our
collections, we will honour those obligations. For all others, this
restricted access will unfortunately be in force until further notice.
These reductions will in no way affect our current grant and contract-funded
obligations, nor will it lessen our commitment to the care of collections.
The activities that have been reduced were those that we normally
funded through museum operating funds, which have now been severely
In the meantime we are working with our state legislature to try
to increase our state appropriation (during the past few years it
has been reduced by more than $2.1 million to $381,000 today). Many
of you wrote letters of support last year and this helped us to
retain some state support (last year our allocation was reduced
from ca. $800,000 to $381,000). If you would again like to write
in support of Bishop Museum please send your letters to Dr. Allen
Allison, Vice President for Science, Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice
Street, Honolulu, Hawaii 96817. Fax 808-847-8252, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
We will distribute letters to key legislators and state officials.
Many thanks for your concern and for your support.
Vice President, Research
Chair, Natural Sciences
by Chris Thompson
To the Diptera community, I again offer my apologies for the failure
to get the Checklist of North America Diptera as well as the larger
BioSystematic Database of World Diptera out in a timely manner.
The problem largely has been the lack of support from USDA for
the project. Years ago the Systematic Entomology Laboratory was
willing to support projects like the Nearctic Diptera Checklist,
Coleoptera Catalog, BIOTA Checklist of Insects, etc. But with the
change of administration, etc., these projects were abandoned. Some
individuals, like Bob Poole, carried on despite the lack of support
in hopes of community support. My approach was to keep a low profile
and try to develop new solutions that might attract the funding
needed to revive the Nearctic Diptera Checklist (NDC) and the BioSystematic
Database of World Diptera (BDWD) projects. Unfortunately, this has
been difficult, if not impossible, as to get funding today one needs
to demonstrate that one can produce the desired end product first!
After having shopped our Diptera data and projects to groups like
Species2000 and ITIS for years and getting no support, I decided
we had to produce the best product we could with what resources
we had. The result will be found on both the new Diptera Data Dissemination
Disk (our CD-ROM journal) and the Diptera WWW site (at http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov
under Diptera). The DDDD contains two separate databases: Fruit
flies of the World and the BDWD. The fruit fly database is a finished
product, existing as a traditionally printed volume in the serial
MYIA (volume 9) and as a database on the Diptera Data Dissemination
Disk. The BDWD is merely a promise of what we want to deliver, containing
only raw data (but that includes some 100,000 names, see below).
Now there is a real product to demonstrate what we want to do and
what we can do now.
The BioSystematic Database of World Diptera is now just a digital
catalog of the names that apply to flies (order Diptera). This database
will be available on the annual volume of the Diptera Data Dissemination
Disk and at the Diptera WWW site. The version on the WWW site will
be up-dated as frequently as necessary to provide the most current
version. The DDDD version will be an archival once a year version.
The BDWD will be based on published catalogs, but will also include
corrections, additions, etc., as soon as they are available. While
BDWD will not be a traditionally printed catalog, the BDWD editorial
group will work with authors to get their contributions printed.
For example, we see MYIA as a good source for publishing Diptera
catalogs, and we will be working with Norm Woodley to see that his
stratiomyid catalog is published shortly.
The BioSystematic Database of World Diptera now contains some 4,300
family-group, 20,500 genus-group and 80,00 species-group names.
The family-group names are from the long-term study by Curtis W.
Sabrosky (MYIA 10). All the genus-group names in the various regional
Diptera catalogs have now been entered into the database, and have
been compared against Neave (Nomenclator Zoologicus) and other sources.
There are now some 4,000 more genus-group names in our data file
than are in the various regional Diptera catalogs. By the end of
this year, all the genus-group names will be ready for review by
interested specialists. While species-group names are not being
actively captured, more than 80,000 are in the database. The Tephritidae
of the World have been completed, peer-reviewed and published separately
on the Diptera Data Dissemination Disk. All these names are available
as working files as we believe that they may be useful to specialists.
USERS, however, must be aware that these names have not be peer-reviewed
and many have not even been reviewed by the editors!
What's next for us? First, to finish the Nearctic Diptera Checklist.
We have an argeement with Backhuys Publishers to print this as a
MYIA volume. So over the next few months, we will be sending to
contributors their names with a revised set of guidelines. Then
together we may finally get the Checklist done! Then Neal and I
will concentrate on finalizing a treatment of the genus-group names.
And along the way we want to encourage all to considering doing
a world catalog of their favourite groups. Contact us, we will help
you by providing working tools (computer programs and data files)
as well as helping you find a publisher for a printed version. In
return, we hope you will share your data for the BioSystematic Database
of World Diptera.
Neal L. Evenhuis & F. Christian Thompson, editors, BDWD
from Graham Griffiths and Adrian Pont
Graham Griffiths wrote to point out a small error in the
last issue of the Fly Times. Both he and Antony Downes were
appointed "Honourary Members of the Congresses". Graham
is no longer on the council which is now made up of the following
persons (kindly sent by Adrian Pont):
List of council members and fields of interest (September 1998)
- Milan Chvála (Chairman), Department of Entomology, Charles
University, Vinicná 7, CZ-128 44 Praha 2, Czech Republic.
Systematics, ethology (esp. Empidoidea).
- David J. de C. Henshaw (Vice Chairman), 34 Rounton Road, Waltham
Abbey EN9 3AR, Essex, UK. Email: email@example.com
Systematics (esp. Agromyzidae), ecology, databases.
- Adrian C. Pont (Secretary/Treasurer), University Museum of Natural
History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PW, UK. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Systematics (esp. Muscidae).
- Paul L. T. Beuk, Institute for Systematics and Population Biology,
Zoological Museum, Department of Entomology, Plantage Middenlaan
64m NL-1018 DH Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Email: email@example.com
Systematics (especially Empidoidea), phylogeny, biogeography.
- Claudio J. B. de Carvalho, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade
Federal de Paraná, Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-970 Curitiba,
Paraná, Brazil. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Systematics (esp. Muscoidea), medical/veterinary dipterology,
- Daniel V. Hagan, Department of Biology, Institute of Arthropodology
and Parasitology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA
30460-8042, USA. Email: dhagan@GaSoU.edu
Bionomics, ecology, behaviour, ultrastructure, (Ceratopogonidae,
- Ipe M. Ipe, School of Entomology, St John's College, Agra 282
002, India. Email:email@example.com
Systematics (esp. Agromyzidae), medical dipterology. Mary Owaga,
Kabarsiran Avenue, P. O. Box 53695, Nairobi, Kenya. Ecology and
ethology of Glossina.
- Rudolf Rozkoný, Department of Zoology and Ecology,
Masaryk University, Kotlárska 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic.
Systematics (esp. Stratiomyidae).
- John Stoffolano, Department of Entomology, University of Massachusetts,
Fernald Hall, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Physiology (esp. Calliphoridae).
- Hans Ulrich, Zoologisches Museum und Forschungsinstitut A. Koenig,
Adenauerallee 150-164, D- 53113 Bonn, Germany. Morphology (esp.
- Brian M. Wiegmann, Department of Entomology, 104 Research Annex
West-A, Box 7630, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
27695-7630, USA. Email: email@example.com
Molecular systematics (Brachycera, Cyclorrhapha).
- David K. Yeates, Department of Entomology, The University of
Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Classification, phylogeny (Brachycera), behaviour, computer-based
identification, molecular sequence data.
- Junichi Yukawa, Entomological Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture,
Kyushu University, Fukuoka-shi, Japan 812-8581. Email: email@example.com
Cecidomyiidae (systematics, ecology).
- Vadim F. Zaitsev, Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences,
St Petersburg 199034, Russia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Systematics (esp.Bombyliidae), morphology, databases.
from Norm Woodley
Norm Woodley writes to tell us he is now the editor of Memoirs
of the American Entomological Society. This is an irregular
serial that publishes larger works of suitable scope. Most previous
volumes have been taxonomic monographs of 80 printed pages or more.
Anyone with a possible manuscript for submission is actively encouraged
Systematic Entomology Lab., USDA
Washington, D. C. 20560 USA
phone: (202) 382-1802
FAX: (202) 786-9422
by Dan Hagan
I have an put up on the web some photos of the 1997 NADS meeting.
The photos can be found at the URL http://www2.gasou.edu/facstaff/hagan/Photos.html.
I have included a photo of Monty Wood presenting the C.P. Alexander
award to Dick Vockeroth at the 1997 NADS meeting (it is photo letter
D) on the photos Web page above.
The legend for the photo is: Presentation of The C.P. Alexander
- NADS Award to Dr. J. Richard Vockeroth, by Dr. D. Monty Wood,
at the Spring NADS meeting (May 1997), Ebenezer Retreat, Rincon,
Georgia, USA. Dr. Vockeroth was presented the prestigious award
at the 5th Biennial NADS meeting. The C.P. Alexander Award recognizes
the generous and self-less entomological contributions of its recipient
over a life-time of service. Dick worked for many years, and has
retired from the Biosystematics Research Institute, Agriculture
Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Congratulations to Dick Vockeroth
for this well deserved recognition.
from Chris Thompson
A mailing was dispatched to all registered on the NADS directory
as well as some 300 additional dipterists known to us as residing
in Canada, Mexico or the USA. After more than two months, we have
received 75 returns from the post office for bad addresses and only
20 completed questionnaires. Of these, two indicated their inability
to participate in the GSMNP ATBI due to age, the rest are willing
to join our effort.
What is truly sad is how few of the active dipterists appear to
be interested. Apparently the allure of exotic localities (Costa
Rica?) has distracted American systematists from their own backyard.
Or maybe they have not had the time to read and respond to their
mail. WHAT EVER THE EXCUSE, please join us. Take a moment to fill
out our questionnaire or just send an e-mail message.
AND most importantly, if all the above sound strange to you because
you did not get a letter from us, please contact us. Forgive us
for either losing your address or worst, because we do want to communicate.
Progress is being made on setting up a initial kick-off of the
Diptera TWIG this May at the end of the NADS field meeting. Some
of us will spend the weekend collecting in GSMNP. Also, the Discover
Life in America group has made an initial grant of $4,000 available
to the Diptera TWIG to get us up and rolling.
Chris Thompson, Peter Adler & Steve Marshall
Co-ordinators for the Diptera TWIG, GSMNP ATBI
by Greg Courtney
This is a follow-up to Dick Deoniers message in the last
Flytimes (Issue 21, October 1998). The Iowa State Insect collection
does indeed have Dicks collections from Thailand. As Dick
indicated, Jean Laffoon had the Diptera processed and fully labelled,
and most of these specimens are sorted at least to family. For anyone
conducting revisions of Southeast Asian taxa, there should be some
valuable specimens hiding amongst this material. Please contact
me if youd like to see any of it. The same offer applies to
my own collections from Thailand and Nepal. Most of my material
is from malaise samples taken in Nepals Midwest Region (most
from around Jumla). Some specimens have already been farmed out
(e.g., the phorids, empidids, and syrphids are either gone or spoken
for). Otherwise, this material awaits further study. Many
specimens are dried (using HMDS), pinned, and fully labelled, but
much of it remains in EtOH and only rough-sorted.
From E. Spenser's Faerie Queene, Book II, Canto 9, St. 16. Published
As when a swarme of Gnats at euentide
Out of the fennes of Allan do arise,
Their murmuring small trompets souden wide,
Whiles in the aire their clustring army flies,
That as a cloud doth seeme to dim the skies;
Ne man nor beast may rest, or take repast,
For their sharpe wounds, and noyous iniuries,
Till the fierce Northerne wind with blustring blast
Doth blow them quite away, and in the Ocean cast.