■ Tachinid Bibliography 1980 - Present

W [Click letter to return to the main page of the Tachinid Bibliography.]

Waage, J.K. 1986. Family planning in parasitoids: adaptive patterns of progeny and sex allocation. Pp. 63–95. In: Waage, J. and Greathead, D., eds., Insect parasitoids. Academic Press. 389 pp.

Wagenhoff, E., Tschorsnig, H.-P., Zapf, D., Blum, R., Schröter, H. and Delb, H. 2014. Fallstudie zur Massenvermehrung des Eichenprozessionsspinners in Südwestdeutschland. AFZ-DerWald 2014 (10): 27–31.

Wagner, D.L., Tobi, D.R., Parker, B.L., Wallner, W.E. and Leonard, J.G. 1989. Immature stages and natural enemies of Korscheltellus gracilis (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 82: 717–724.

Wagner, W.E. 1996. Convergent song preferences between female field crickets and acoustically orienting parasitoid flies. Behavioral Ecology 7: 279–285.

Wagner, W.E., Jr. and Basolo, A.L. 2007. Host preferences in a phonotactic parasitoid of field crickets: the relative importance of host song characters. Ecological Entomology 32: 478–484.

Wahlberg, N. 1998. The life history and ecology of Euphydryas maturna (Nymphalidae: Melitaeini) in Finland. Nota Lepidopterologica 21: 154–169.

Wahlberg, N., Kullberg, J. and Hanski, I. 2001. Natural history of some Siberian melitaeine butterfly species (Nymphalidae: Melitaeini) and their parasitoids. Entomologica Fennica 12: 72–77.

Wakazono, M. and Funakoshi, S. 2002. Internal conditions of bagworms of five large species of the Psychidae (Lepidoptera). Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 53: 63–68.

Walker, P.W. 2011. Biology and development of Chaetophthalmus dorsalis (Malloch) (Diptera: Tachinidae) parasitising Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) and H. punctigera Wallengren (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae in the laboratory. Australian Journal of Entomology 50: 309–318.

Walker, P.W. and Allen, G.R. 2014. Sex-biased parasitism of adult spring beetles, Heteronyx dimidiata and Heteronyx crinitus, by Tachinidae in Eucalyptus nitens plantations in Australia. Austral Entomology 53: 104–111.

Walker, S.E. and Cade, W.H. 2003. A simulation model of the effects of frequency dependence, density dependence and parasitoid flies on the fitness of male field crickets. Ecological Modelling 169: 119–130.

Walker, T.J. 1986. Monitoring the flights of field crickets (Gryllus spp.) and a tachinid fly (Euphasiopteryx ochracea) in north Florida. Florida Entomologist 69: 678–685.

Walker, T.J. 1988. Acoustic traps for agriculturally important insects. Florida Entomologist 71: 484–492.

Walker, T.J. 1989. A live trap for monitoring Euphasiopteryx and tests with E. ochracea (Diptera: Tachinidae). Florida Entomologist 72: 314–319.

Walker, T.J. 1993. Phonotaxis in female Ormia ochracea (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasitoid of field crickets. Journal of Insect Behavior 6: 389–410.

Walker, T.J., Parkman, J.P., Frank, J.H. and Schuster, D.J. 1996. Seasonality of Ormia depleta and limits to its spread. Biological Control 6: 378–383.

Walker, T.J. and Wineriter, S.A. 1991. Hosts of a phonotactic parasitoid and levels of parasitism (Diptera: Tachinidae: Ormia ochracea). Florida Entomologist 74: 554–559.

Wallin, H. 1989. The influence of different age classes on the seasonal activity and reproduction of four medium-sized carabid species inhabiting cereal fields. Holarctic Ecology 12: 201–212.

Wallner, W.E. 1989. Overview of pest Lymantriidae of North America. Pp. 65–79. In: Wallner, W.E. and McManus, K.A., eds., Proceedings, Lymantriidae: a comparison of features of New and Old World tussock moths. June 26 – July 1, 1988, New Haven, Connecticut. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, General Technical Report NE-123. 554 pp.

Wallner, W.E. and McManus, M.L. 1981. Population dynamics: Summary. Pp. 202–203. In: Doane, C.C. and McManus, M.L., eds., The gypsy moth: research toward integrated pest management. United States Department of Agriculture. Technical Bulletin 1584. xix + 757 pp.

Waloff, N. 1987. Observations on the heather beetle Lochmaea suturalis (Thomson) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) and its parasitoids. Journal of Natural History 21: 545–556.

Walsh, G.C. 2004. Distribution, host specificity, and overwintering of Celatoria bosqi Blanchard (Diptera: Tachinidae), a South American parasitoid of Diabrotica spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae). Biological Control 29: 427–434.

Wan, H., Haye, T., Kenis, M., Nacambo, S., Xu, H., Zhang, F. and Li, H. 2014. Biology and natural enemies of Cydalima perspectalis in Asia: is there biological control potential in Europe? Journal of Applied Entomology 138: 715–722.

Wang, B.-h., Huang, F.-s. and Qin, R. et al., eds. 2006. Xizang insect differentiation. Henan Science and Technology Press, Zhengzhou. 18 + 540 pp. + 36 pls. [In Chinese.]

Wang, B.-h., Yuan, W.-h., Wang, C.-m., Huang, F.-s., Tang, Z.-h. and Lin, D.-w. 1992. The Xizang insect fauna and its evolution. Henan Science and Technology Publishing House, Zhengzhou. 366 pp. + 8 pls. [In Chinese.]

Wang, G., You, D.-k., Zhao, Y.-z., Bai, J.-l. and Zhang, X.-t. 1990. Preliminary investigations on parasitic natural enemies of Clostera anachoreta in the Baicheng Region, Jilin Province. Forest Pest and Disease 1990 (2): 26–28. [In Chinese.]

Wang, H.-j., Shi, J.-m., Chen, Y.-c., Shu, J.-p. and Xu, T.-s. 2007. Species and population dynamics of natural enemies of prepupa of Artona funeralis in overwinter generation. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 43: 69–73. [In Chinese.]

Wang, J.-s., Wang, J.-q., Zhang, X.-b., Tang, T.-q., Liang, W.-q. and Wang, C. 1999. Study on the bionomics of Biston robustum and its control. Forest Research 12: 403–410. [In Chinese.]

Wang, M.-y., Han, H.-b., Wang, H.-p., Yue, F.-z., Cong, J.-y. and Liu, A.-p. 2016. Genetic diversity of Exorista civilis from different geographical populations based on ISSR marker. Journal of Environmental Entomology 38: 805–812. [In Chinese with English abstract.]
DIO: http://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1674-0858.2016.04.22

Wang, Q., Fan, H. and Zhang, C.-t. 2012. Notes on the genus Cyrtophleba (Diptera: Tachinidae) of China. Entomotaxonomia 34: 356–360.

Wang, Q., Wang, X.-h. and Zhang, C.-t. 2014. A new species of the genus Phasia Latreille (Diptera: Tachinidae) from China. Entomotaxonomia 36: 127–133.

Wang, Q., Wang, X.-h. and Zhang, C.-t. 2014. Review of the genus Zambesomima Mesnil, 1967 (Diptera: Tachinidae) from China. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 90: 138–146.

Wang, Q., Wang, X.-h. and Zhang, C.-t. 2014. Systematic study of the subfamily Phasiinae from China (Diptera: Tachinidae). P. 394. In: Dorchin, N., Kotrba, M., Mengual, X. and Menzel, F., eds., Abstract volume, 8th International Congress of Dipterology, Postdam. xxvii + 440 pp.

Wang, Q., Wang, X.-h. and Zhang, C.-t. . 2015. Clelimyia paradoxa (Diptera), a newly recorded genus and species of Tachinidae from China. Entomotaxonomia 37: 291–296.

Wang, Q. and Zhang, C.-t. 2012. A new species of the genus Neaera Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera, Tachinidae) from Sichuan, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 37: 829–833.

Wang, Q. and Zhang, C.-t. 2012. Two new species of the subfamily Tachininae (Diptera: Tachinidae) from the Liupan Mountains in Ningxia, China. Entomotaxonomia 34: 343–350.

Wang, Q., Zhang, C.-t. and Wang, X.-h. 2015. A newly recorded genus and species of Subclytia (Diptera: Tachinidae) from China. Entomotaxonomia 37: 139–144.
DIO: http://doi.org/10.11680/entomotax.2015021

Wang, Q., Zhang, C.-t. and Wang, X.-h. 2015. A newly recorded genus with one new species of Takanoella (Diptera: Tachinidae) from China. Entomotaxonomia 37: 191–196.

Wang, Q., Zhang, C.-t. and Wang, X.-h. 2015. Review of the genus Parerigone Brauer (Diptera: Tachinidae) with five new species from China. Zootaxa 3919: 457–478.

Wang, Q., Zhang, C.-t. and Wang, X.-h. 2015. Review of the Hemyda Robineau-Desvoidy of China (Diptera: Tachinidae). Zootaxa 4040: 129–148.

Wang, S.-d., Zhao, Z. and Zhang, C.-t. 2012. Advances in systematics of Diptera based on nuclear genes. Journal of Environmental Entomology 34: 219–227. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wang, X.-g., Levy, K., Mills, N.J. and Daane, K.M. 2012. Light brown apple moth in California: a diversity of host plants and indigenous parasitoids. Environmental Entomology 41: 81–90.

Wang, X.-l., Fan, H.-y., Wang, Q., Cui, L. and Zhang, C.-t. . 2012. Common tachinid flies of China (Insecta: Diptera) as flower visitors and pollinators. Journal of Shenyang Normal University (Natural Science) 30: 393–398. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wang, X.-m., Ren, G.-d. and Liu, R.-g., eds. 1992. An annotated checklist of insects from Ningxia. Shaanxi Normal University Press, Xi'an. 6 + 287 pp. [In Chinese.]

Wang, Y., Guo, F.-q., Xu, Z., Chen, X., Li, K., Xiao, Y.-f., Sun, S.-h. and Qi, J.-y. 2010. Parasitoids and mortality of the overwintering pupal stage of Hyphantria cunea (Drury). Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University 41: 686–689. [In Chinese.]

Wang, Y.-d. 1992. Vertical distribution of the family Tachinidae (Diptera) in Mount Emei. Journal of Sichuan Normal University (Natural Science) 15: 87–91, 99. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wang, Y.-d. 1997. Key to the species of Exoristinae from Sichuan and Chongqing. Journal of Sichuan Normal University (Natural Science) 20: 111–114. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wang, Y.-d. 1998. Fly parasites with Dendrolimus punctatus in Sichuan and Chongqing. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 17: 176. [In Chinese.]

Wang, Y.-d. 1998. Key to the species of Goniinae from Sichuan Province and Chongqing City (Diptera: Tachinidae). Journal of Sichuan Normal University (Natural Science) 21: 87–93. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wang, Y.-d. 1998. Key to the species of Tachininae (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Sichuan Province and Chongqing City. Journal of Sichuan Normal University (Natural Science) 21: 205–210. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wardlaw, J.C., Webb, N.R., McAlister, E.A.J. and Murcott, J. 2000. Observations on the life cycle of Medina collaris (Fallén) (Dipt., Tachinidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 136: 21–29.

Waring, P. 2003. Parasitoids Homolobus annulicornis (Nees) (Hym.: Braconidae) and Eumea linearicornis (Zetterstedt) (Dipt.: Tachinidae) reared from larvae of the White-spotted Pinion moth Cosmia diffinis (L) (Lep.: Noctuidae), with notes on habitat of the host. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 115: 123–126.

Watanabe, M. 2005. Parasitism and over-wintering status of tachinids (Diptera) on larvae of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae), in the Kanto Region of Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology 40: 293–301.

Watanabe, M. and Mitsuhashi, J. 1995. In vitro rearing of an endoparasitic fly, Exorista sorbillans (Diptera: Tachinidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 30: 319–325.

Watt, K.R., Hancock, E.G., Horsfield, D. and MacGowan, I. 1997. Rare and local Diptera from the Tay reed beds in Scotland. Dipterists Digest (2nd Series) 4: 30–34.

Way, M. 1993. Effect of multiple parasitism of Eldana saccharina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on the offspring of Paratheresia claripalpis (Diptera: Tachinidae). Proceedings of the Ninth Entomological Congress organized by the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, Johannesburg, 28 June – 1 July 1993: 118.

Webb, D.W. 1980. Primary insect types in the Illinois Natural History Survey Collection, exclusive of the Collembola and Thysanoptera. Illinois Natural History Survey. Bulletin 32: 55–190.

Weeks, J.A. 2003. Parasitism and ant protection alter the survival of the lycaenid Hemiargus isola. Ecological Entomology 28: 228–232.

Wei, H., Goyer, R.A. and Lenhard, G. 1998. Abundance of parasitoids of Archips argyrospila (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Louisiana. Environmental Entomology 27: 726–730.

Wei, H., Huang, Y. and Tang, C. et al. 1999. Investigation on the parasitoids on main poplar pests in Liaoyang District. Senlin Bingchong Tongxun 18: 30–32. [In Chinese.]

Wei, L.-m. 2005. Tachinidae. Pp. 402–404. In: Jin, D.-c. and Li, Z.-z., eds., Insects from Xishui landscape [also as Xishui Jingguan Kunchong]. Insect Fauna from National Nature Reserve of Guizhou Province, II. Guizhou Science and Technology Publishing House, Guiyang. [2] + 2 + 2 + 3 + 616 pp. + 8 pls. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Wei, L.-m. 2006. Tachnidae. Pp. 297–298. In: Jin, D.-c. and Li, Z.-z., eds., Insects from Chishui spinulose tree fern landscape [also as Chishui Suoluo Jingguan Kunchong]. Insect Fauna from National Nature Reserve of Guizhou Province, III. . Guizhou Science and Technology Publishing House, Guiyang. [2] + [4] + 6 + 409 pp. + [12] pls. [In Chinese.]
Note: "Tachnidae” at the beginning of the chapter is a misspelling of "Tachinidae".

Weinstein, P. and Austin, A.D. 1991. The host relationships of trigonalyid wasps (Hymenoptera: Trigonalyidae), with a review of their biology and catalogue to world species. Journal of Natural History 25: 399–433.

Weir, E.H., Contreras, W. and Weir, K.G. de. 2007. Biological control of Diatraea spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in sugarcane crops in central Venezuela. Revista de Biología Tropical 55: 655–658.

Weir, E.H. and Sagarzazu, L. 1998. Interspecific competition between Metagonystilum minense (Diptera: Tachinidae) and Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitoids of sugarcane borers (Diatraea spp., Lepidoptera:Pyralidae). Revista de Biología Tropical 46: 1135–1139.

Weir, E.H. and Vivas, A.M. 1997. Preference of Metagonystilum minense (Diptera: Tachinidae) between Diatraea saccharalis and Diatraea rosa (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Boletín del Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (Universidad del Zulia) 31: 111–119. [In Spanish.]

Welch, C.H. 2006. Intraspecific competition for resources by Ormia depleta (Diptera: Tachinidae) larvae. Florida Entomologist 89: 497–501.

Wells, M.L., Hagan, D.V. and McPherson, R.M. 2001. Survey of parasitoids associated with Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock) in Bulloch County, Georgia. Journal of Entomological Science 36: 101–104.

Wen, J.-z. and Sun, C.-x. 1988. Two new species of Nosema (Microspora: Nosematidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 13: 105–111. [In Chinese.]

Wen, L.-z. 2004. Prospect on the parasitical enemies and its natural control effect of Agrius convolvuli. Chinese Journal of Biological Control 20: 273–275. [In Chinese.]

Weng, Z.-y. and Zhou, C.-q. 1995. Studies of the tachinid flies of pine caterpillar 1: natural parasitic dynamic. Natural Enemies of Insects 17: 147–152. [In Chinese.]

Weseloh, R.M. 1980. Host recognition of the tachinid parasitoid, Compsilura concinnata. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 73: 593–601.

Weseloh, R.M. 1980. Studying parasites of the gypsy moth to increase their effectiveness. Frontiers of Plant Science 32 (2), 1980: 6–7.

Weseloh, R.M. 1981. Relationship between colored sticky panel catches and reproductive behavior of forest tachinid parasitoids. Environmental Entomology 10: 131–135.

Weseloh, R.M. 1982. Implications of tree microhabitat preferences of Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) for its effectiveness as a gypsy moth parasitoid. Canadian Entomologist 114: 617–622.

Weseloh, R.M. 1983. Effects of multiple parasitism on the gypsy moth parasites Apanteles melanoscelus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae). Environmental Entomology 12: 599–602.

Weseloh, R.M. 1984. Effect of exposing adults of the gypsy moth parasite Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) to hosts on the parasite's subsequent behavior. Canadian Entomologist 116: 79–84.

Weseloh, R.M. 1984. Effect of size, stress, and ligation of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) larvae on development of the tachinid parasite Compsilura concinnata Meigen (Diptera: Tachinidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 77: 423–428.

Weseloh, R.M. 1990. Gypsy moth predators: an example of generalist and specialist natural enemies. Pp. 233–243. In: Watt, A.D., Leather, S.R., Hunter, M.D. and Kidd, N.A.C., eds., Population dynamics of forest insects. Intercept, Andover, UK. 408 pp.

Weseloh, R.M. 1995. Potential effects of parasitoids on the evolution of caterpillar foraging behavior. Pp. 203–223. In: Stamp, N.E. and Casey, T.M., eds., Caterpillars: ecological and evolutionary constraints on foraging. London. [1993], 548 pp.

Weseloh, R.M. 2003. People and the gypsy moth: a story of human interactions with an invasive species. American Entomologist 49: 180–190.

West, R.J. 1991. Notes on the biology and control of the black army cutworm, Actebia fennica (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in black spruce plantations. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 122: 53–63.

West, R.J. 1994. Potato stem borer. [In chapter 16, Potato.] P. 258. In: Howard, R.J., Garland, J.A. and Seaman, W.L., eds., Diseases and pests of vegetable crops in Canada: an illustrated compendium. Canadian Phytopathological Society and Entomological Society of Canada, Ottawa. 554 pp.

West, R.J., Laing, J.E. and Marshall, S.A. 1984. Parasites of the potato stem borer, Hydraecia micacea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 114 [1983]: 69–82.

Wheeler, A.G., Jr. 1989. Disonycha punctigera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): first host record of a little-known flea beetle. Entomological News 100: 67–71.

Wheeler, G.S., Ashley, T.R. and Andrews, K.L. 1989. Larval parasitoids and pathogens of the fall armyworm in Honduran maize. Entomophaga 34: 331–340.

White, G.B. and Webb, R.E. 1994. Survival of dipteran parasitoids (Diptera: Tachinidae) during a virus-induced gypsy moth population collapse. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 96: 27–30.

White, W.B., McLane, W.H. and Schneeberger, N.F. 1981. Pesticides. Pp. 423–442. In: Doane, C.C. and McManus, M.L., eds., The gypsy moth: research toward integrated pest management. United States Department of Agriculture. Technical Bulletin 1584. xix + 757 pp.

Whitehead, P.F. 2001. A new locality for Cistogaster globosa (F.) (Diptera, Tachinidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 137: 72.

Whitehead, P.F. 2006. Ernestia puparum (F.) (Dipt., Tachinidae) new to Gloucestershire. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 142: 242.

Whitehead, P.F. 2010. Notes on invertebrates at Minffordd, Merionethshire (VC48) in March 2009. Journal of the Lancashire & Cheshire Entomological Society 133/134: 17–18.

Whiteley, D., Garland, S.P. and Hancock, E.G. 1994. A survey of Diptera on South Uist and adjacent Outer Hebridean Islands. Dipterists Digest (2nd Series) 14: 32–43.

Whiteley, D. ed. 1994. A survey of Diptera on the Isle of Rum – 1990. Dipterists Digest (2nd Series) 14: 2–27.

Wiech, K. and Pniak, M. 2002. Parasitoids of leaf roller caterpillars occurring on common privet hedgerows. Progress in Plant Protection 42: 464–466. [In Polish.]

Wiegmann, B.M., Mitter, C. and Farrell, B. 1993. Diversification of carnivorous parasitic insects: extraordinary radiation or specialized dead end? American Naturalist 142: 737–754.

Wiesenborn, W.D. 2015. Conspecific pollen loads on insects from Prunus fasciculata (Rosaceae) female flowers in southern Nevada. Western North American Naturalist 75: 192–199.
DIO: http://doi.org/10.3398/064.075.0207

Wiesenborn, W.D. 2016. Conspecific pollen on insects visiting female flowers on the oak parasite Phoradendron coryae (Viscaceae). Western North American Naturalist 76: 265–274.
DIO: http://doi.org/10.3398/064.076.0302

Wilkinson, A.T.S. 1984. Tipula paludosa Meigen, European cranefly (Diptera: Tipulidae). Pp. 85–88. In: Kelleher, J.S. and Hulme, M.A., eds., Biological control programmes against insects and weeds in Canada 1969–1980. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England. 410 pp.

Wilkinson, T.K., Landis, D.A. and Gut, L.J. 2004. Parasitism of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in commercially managed Michigan apple orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology 97: 1524–1530.

Williams, C.E., Pavuk, D.M., Taylor, D.H. and Martin, T.H. 1995. Parasitism and disease incidence in the green cloverworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in strip-intercropped soybean agroecosystems. Environmental Entomology 24: 253–260.

Williams, D.J.M., Parry, D. and Langor, D.W. 1996. Sampling and identification of forest tent caterpillar parasitoids in the prairie provinces. Canadian Forest Service, Northern Forestry Centre, Information Report NOR-X-345. 27 pp.

Williams, D.W., Fuester, R.W., Metterhouse, W.W., Balaam, R.J., Bullock, R.H., Chianese, R.J. and Reardon, R.C. 1992. Incidence and ecological relationships of parasitism in larval populations of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Biological Control 2: 35–43.

Williams, G. 2002. A taxonomic and biogeographic review of the invertebrates of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia (CERRA) World Heritage Area, and adjacent regions. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum 16. 208 pp.

Williams, R.N., Miller, K.V. and Weiss, M.J. 1981. Parasitism of the picnic beetle, Glischrochilus fasciatus (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae), by the tachinid, Hyalamyodes triangulifer (Diptera: Tachinidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54: 521–522.

Williams, S.C., Arnaud, P.H., Jr. and Lowe, G. 1990. Parasitism of Anuroctonus phaiodactylus (Wood) and Vaejovis spinigerus (Wood) (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) by Spilochaetosoma californicum Smith (Diptera: Tachinidae), and a review of parasitism in scorpions. Myia 5: 11–27.

Williams, T., Goulson, D., Caballero, P., Cisneros, J., Martinez, A.M., Chapman, J.W., Roman, D.X. and Cave, R.D. 1999. Evaluation of a baculovirus bioinsecticide for small-scale maize growers in Latin America. Biological Control 14: 67–75.

Willits, N. 2014. Note on parasitism of a drinker moth larva by tachinid flies. Bedfordshire Naturalist 69: 151–152.

Wilmot, S.H., Parker, B.L. and Odell, T.M. 1993. Sampling parasitoids in host-augmented gypsy moth (Lep., Lymantriidae) populations. Journal of Applied Entomology 116: 62–71.

Wilmott, D., Alves, F. and Karunasiri, G. 2016. Bio-inspired miniature direction finding acoustic sensor. Scientific Reports 6 (29957): 1–8.
DIO: http://doi.org/10.1038/srep29957

Wilson, A.G.L. 1983. Abundance and mortality of overwintering Heliothis spp. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 22: 191–199.

Wilson, J.A., Jr. and DuRant, J.A. 1991. Parasites of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in South Carolina. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 8: 109–116.

Wilson, J.K. and Woods, H.A. 2015. Protection via parasitism: Datura odors attract parasitoid flies, which inhibit Manduca larvae from feeding and growing but may not help plants. Oecologia 179: 1159–1171.
DIO: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-015-3419-y

Wiman, N.G. 2008. Notes on the egg production of Nemorilla pyste (Walker) and Nilea erecta (Coquillett). The Tachinid Times 21: 18–19.

Wiman, N.G. 2010. Malaise traps for Tachinidae on a shoestring budget. The Tachinid Times 23: 6–8.

Wiman, N.G. and Jones, V.P. 2007. Rearing of Nemorilla pyste (Walker) and Nilea erecta (Coquillett), parasitoids of leafrollers in Washington tree fruit. The Tachinid Times 20: 9–12.

Wiman, N.G. and Jones, V.P. 2013. Attack biology and egg maturation strategy of two tachinid parasitoids of leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) pests in tree fruit. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 106: 485–490.

Wiman, N.G. and Jones, V.P. 2013. Influence of oviposition strategy of Nemorilla pyste and Nilea erecta (Diptera: Tachinidae) on parasitoid fertility and host mortality. Biological Control 64: 195–202.

Wineriter, S.A. and Walker, T.J. 1990. Rearing phonotactic parasitoid flies [Diptera: Tachinidae, Ormiini, Ormia spp.]. Entomophaga 35: 621–632.

Winkler, I.S., Blaschke, J.D., Davis, D.J., Stireman, J.O. III, O’Hara, J.E. , Cerretti, P. and Moulton, J.K. 2015. Explosive radiation or uninformative genes? Origin and early diversification of tachinid flies (Diptera: Tachinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 38–54.
DIO: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.021

Winkler, I.S., Stireman, J.O. III, Moulton, J.K., O'Hara, J.E., Cerretti, P. and Blaschke, J.D. 2014. Progress towards a molecular phylogeny of Tachinidae, year two. The Tachinid Times 27: 11–14.

Winks, C.J., Fowler, S.V. and Smith, L.A. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

Winter, K. 1990. Effects of forest liming on insects living above ground. Forst und Holz 45: 147–151.

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