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Diptera Associated with Livestock Dung

References on Filth Fly Pests

The references listed below were used to compile the information on filth fly pests, or are useful sources of additional information.

Axtell, R.C. 1986.
Fly control in confined livestock and poultry production. CIBA-GEIGY Corporation, Technical Monograph. 59 pp.
Bruce, W.N. and G.C. Decker. 1958.
The relationship of stable fly abundance to milk production in dairy cattle. Journal of Economic Entomology 51: 269-274.
Campbell, J.B. 1976.
Effect of horn fly control on cows as expressed by increased weaning of calves. Journal of Economic Entomology 69: 711-712.
Campbell, J. B., and I. L. Berry. 1989.
Economic threshold for stable flies on confined livestock. Entomological Society of America, Miscellaneous Publication 74: 18-22.
Campbell, J.B., I.L. Berry, D.J. Boxler, D.C. Clanton, and G.H. Deutscher. 1987.
Effects of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on weight gain and feed efficiency of feedlot cattle. Journal of Economic Entomology 80: 117-119.
Ferrar, P. 1987.
A guide to the breeding habits and immature stages of Diptera Cyclorrhapha. Entomonograph 8 (Parts 1 & 2): 1-907.
Greenberg, B. 1971.
Flies and Disease. Vol. 1. Ecology, Classification and Biotic Associations. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 856 pp.
Haufe, W.O. 1982.
Growth of range cattle protected from horn flies (Haematobia irritans) by ear tags impregnated with fenvalerate. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 62: 567-573.
Krafsur, E.S., and R.D. Moon. 1997.
Bionomics of the face fly, Musca autumnalis. Annual Review of Entomology 42: 503-523.
McAlpine, J.F. 1981.
Key to families - adults. [Chapter] 4. In: McAlpine, J.F. et al. (eds.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera, Volume 1. pp. 89-124. Agriculture Canada Monograph 27: vi + 1-674.
Sabrosky, C.W. 1959.
Recognition of species of Musca. Co-operative Economic Insect Report 9 (45): 988.
Schipper, C. 1996.
Infectious pinkeye of cattle. Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development.
Skidmore, P. 1985.
The Biology of the Muscidae of the World. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht. 550 pp.
Steelman, C. D., A. H. Brown, E. E. Gbur, and G. Tolley. 1991.
Interactive response of the horn fly (Diptera: Muscidae) and selected breeds of beef cattle. Journal of Economic Entomology 84: 1275-1282.
Teskey, H.J. 1969.
On the behavior and ecology of the face fly, Musca autumnalis (Diptera: Muscidae). Canadian Entomologist 101: 561-576.
Wood, D.M. 1985.
Biting flies attacking man and livestock in Canada. Agriculture Canada, Publication 1781/E. 38 pp.

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Filth fly web pages developed by J.M. Cumming and B.E. Cooper
First published on the Internet in 1998
Last updated 18 May 2006 by J.M. Cumming and G.D. Murray

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